Personality Exam 1 Review Essay

PersonalityВ­В consistentВ behaviorВ patternsВ ofВ thoughts, В emotions, В andВ behaviorsВ andВ intrapersonalВ processesВ originatingВ withinВ theВ individualВ­В mayВ beВ hiddenВ inВ unconsciousВ в—Џ IntrapersonalВ­В emotional, В motivational, В andВ cognitiveВ processesВ fromВ within, В howeverВ externalВ worldВ influencesВ personalityВ

в—Џ leastВ stableВ personalityВ duringВ childhood, В thereforeВ consistencyВ isВ crucialВ­В identityВ patternsВ acrossВ timeВ andВ situations. В В

WhyВ Personality? В­В usedВ toВ predictВ other'sВ behaviorsВ (В introvert/В extrovert)В в—Џ Interpersonal: В sameВ peopleВ areВ differentВ inВ differentВ situationsв†’В " В youВ mayВ beВ happyВ forВ theВ partyВ butВ notВ atВ theВ party”В

в—‹ looksВ forВ theВ POWERВ ofВ theВ SITUATIONВ

в—Џ Personality: В differentВ peopleВ areВ differentВ inВ sameВ situationsв†’В " guyВ atВ sportsВ eventВ notВ cheeringВ atВ theВ gameВ likeВ theВ restВ ofВ theВ crowd” ○ sameВ situation, В differentВ reactionsВ

AbnormalВ vsВ ClinicalВ

в—Џ normalВ functioningв†’В personalityВ В­В hugeВ continuumВ (В range)=В ABNORMALВ в—Џ extremeВ & В unusualВ functioningв†’В ClINICALВ

2В MainВ Issues: В

1 . )В IndividualВ DifferencesВ­В LABELINGВ isВ aВ necessaryВ evilВ forВ diagnosisВ purposesВ onlyВ appreciateВ uniquenessВ ofВ individualВ В

installment payments on your )В SeveralВ diffВ APPROACHES: В

в—Џ TraitВ ApproachВ­В differencesВ areВ measuredВ andВ conceptualized: В theВ BigВ 5В­В describesВ expansion, В neurotic, В conscientious, В opennessВ toВ experienceВ & В agreeablenessВ в—‹ interactions, В socialВ dominance, В college, В familiesВ­В mostВ stableВ emotionsВ duringВ yourВ 20sВ andВ 30sВ CONSISTENCYВ­В timeВ toВ timeВ feelingsВ В в—‹ TraitsВ­В relativelyВ stableВ characteristicВ ofВ personalityВ > В QuantitativeВ­В occurringВ atВ aВ degreeВ ofВ differenceВ > TypeВ­В distinctВ classesВ ofВ people(В clearВ boundariesВ & В restrictions)В в– ex. В answerВ toВ whyВ someВ childrenВ rateВ higherВ onВ aggressionВ в†’В TheВ BigВ 5В FactorВ Model: В Extraversion, В Neuroticism, В Conscientiousness, В Agreeableness, В OpennessВ toВ ExperienceВ (В LВ dataВ­В lifeВ outcomes)В

в—Џ ExtraversionВ­quantityВ andВ intensityВ ofВ interpersonalВ interaction, В needВ forВ stimulation. В experienceВ ofВ positiveВ emotionsВ

в—‹ sociableВ vsВ retiringНѕВ funВ­lovingВ vsВ soberНѕВ affectionateВ vsВ reservedВ в—‹ IntrovertsВ­В shyВ andВ reservedВ

в—Џ NeuroticismВ­В levelВ ofВ personalВ adjustmentВ vsВ emotionalВ stabilityВ В в—‹ calmВ vsВ anxiousНѕВ insecureВ andВ secureНѕВ selfВ­pityingВ andВ selfВ satisfiedВ в—Џ ConscientiousnessВ­В organization, В persistence, В motivationВ в—‹ organizedВ vsВ disorganizedНѕВ carefulВ orВ carelessНѕВ disciplinedВ vsВ impulsiveВ в—Џ AgreeablenessВ­В degreeВ ofВ compassionВ vsВ antagonismВ в—‹ softВ­heartedВ vsВ ruthlessНѕВ trustingВ vsВ suspiciousНѕВ helpfulВ vsВ suspiciousВ в—Џ OpennessВ toВ ExperienceВ­В seekingВ out, В appreciationВ of…, В В toleranceВ forВ newВ experiencesВ в—‹ imaginativeВ andВ practicalНѕВ preferenceВ forВ varietyВ vsВ routineНѕВ independentВ vsВ conformingВ

BigВ 5В: В UniversalВ SchemaВ

в—Џ CrossВ culturalВ researchВ­В translatingВ ourВ questionsВ В в—Џ OrthologicalВ­В scoresВ onВ oneВ testВ areВ notВ relatedВ toВ otherВ onesВ В В essentialВ traitsВ­В whichВ isВ moreВ importantВ? В В­В BFIВ isВ anВ exampleВ ofВ thisВ В В В В > В 13В needsВ В­В affiliationВ aggression, В achievement, В exhibition, В warmth, В emotionalВ stability, В sensitivity, В vigilance, В perfectionismв†’В partВ ofВ " PersonalВ Hierarchy”  (В HenryВ Murray)В В > В raymondВ cattellВ В­В factorВ analysesВ

> > В Limitations: В tooВ broad, В 6thВ trait? В humilityВ vsВ honesty(В limitedВ byВ language)В LexicalВ hypothesisВ­whichВ personalityВ traitsВ haveВ theВ largestВ numberВ ofВ relevantВ wordsВ в—Џ DataВ reduction: В techniquesВ

в—‹ FactorВ AnalyticВ ApproachВ

в– statisticalВ procedureВ basedВ onВ correlation, В findingВ orderВ andВ chaosВ В в– " putВ lotsВ inв†’В getВ fewВ out” В

в– StepsВ: В

1 . createВ aВ listВ ofВ itemsВ

2 . administerВ toВ largeВ numberВ ofВ peopleВ

3. enterВ intoВ computerВ programВ

4. computersВ correlationsВ

5. groupВ itemsВ togetherВ & В compareВ factorsВ В

в—Џ BiologicalВ­В understandВ theВ mindВ inВ termsВ ofВ theВ bodyВ (В brainВ neurotransmitters, В genetics, В evolution)В

в– former mate. В geneticВ predispositionsВ­В heritableВ tendenciesВ orВ В в– evolutionaryВ theoryВ­В menВ areВ moreВ likelyВ toВ defendВ rivalsВ В в—Џ Psychoanalytic(В Freud)В­В unconsciousВ andВ internalВ conflictВ " angelВ vsВ devil” ■ex. В unconsciousВ desireВ toВ selfВ­В destructВ в†’В idВ andВ superegoВ...



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